Pelvic Prolapse

Women's Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley -  - Gynecology

Women's Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley

Gynecology & Obstetrics located in McAllen, TX & Edinburg, TX

Pelvic organ prolapse is more common than many women believe. For those living in McAllen and Edinburg, Texas, the care of Fernando Otero, MD, of Women's Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley can make a world of difference in the event a prolapse occurs. If you have questions or concerns about pelvic organ prolapse, schedule an appointment with Dr. Otero. You can book a visit online or by phone.

Pelvic Prolapse Q & A

What is pelvic organ prolapse?

Your pelvis contains numerous organs, including your uterus, vagina, bladder, small bowel, and rectum. These structures are held into position by a group of muscles and connective tissues that stretch across your pelvic opening, in a shape similar to a hammock.

If those muscles and other tissues weaken, your pelvic organs may no longer have the support they need to remain in proper position. They can shift out of place and intrude into or even out of the vagina or anus, a condition known as pelvic organ prolapse.

What are the types of pelvic organ prolapse?

There is a term for prolapse of every type of pelvic organ, as follows:

  • Uterine prolapse, affecting the uterus
  • Cystocele, affecting the bladder
  • Enterocele, affecting the small bowel
  • Urethrocele, affecting the urethra
  • Rectocele, affecting the rectum
  • Vaginal vault prolapse, affecting the vagina


Some women experience only one type of pelvic organ prolapse, while others experience multiple types.

What causes pelvic organ prolapse?

Anything that causes increased pressure in your abdomen can lead to pelvic organ prolapse. Some of the more common causes include:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Obesity
  • Cancer in pelvic organs
  • Hysterectomy
  • Chronic coughing
  • Constipation


Researchers also believe that genetics play a role in pelvic organ prolapse, so having a close relative who experienced a prolapse might mean you’re at an elevated risk.

What can be done to treat pelvic organ prolapse?

Dr. Otero completes a thorough diagnostic exam before determining the best treatment path. Depending on the severity of your condition, behavioral treatments can be an effective treatment. One approach uses Kegel exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor.

A medical device called a pessary can also be helpful. This small plastic device is inserted into your vagina to give drooping organs additional support.

In some cases, a surgical procedure is the best treatment path. Dr. Oteros is highly skilled in pelvic organ prolapse surgery and can correct insufficiencies in your pelvic floor to provide proper support for prolapsed organs.

If you’ve been told you have pelvic organ prolapse and are unsure of your next steps, schedule a consultation with Dr. Otero to explore all available treatment paths. You can schedule online, or simply call and speak with a member of the administrative staff.