Do you find our website to be helpful?
Yes   No

Understanding Adenomyosis

One of the first signs of a problem with your reproductive health is abnormal or painful periods. Of the many conditions that can lead to issues with your menstrual cycles, adenomyosis is one, and we review this condition here.

Whatever’s causing your symptoms, rest assured that Dr. Fernando Otero and our team have the expertise and experience you need to get on the road to better reproductive health. 

At Women’s Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley, we believe in giving you the knowledge to pursue the next steps in improving your health. To help you better understand the field of possibilities, we take a closer look at adenomyosis.

Adenomyosis at a glance

Your uterus features a lining — your endometrium — which thickens with each menstrual cycle and then sheds out, which is what creates your period. With adenomyosis, this lining grows into the walls of your uterus — your myometrium — which are largely made up of muscles.

When this happens, this displaced endometrial tissue still behaves normally, thickening with your menstrual cycles each month. Problems develop, however, when this tissue attempts to shed out and can’t, causing your uterus to become increasingly thickened and enlarged.

Adenomyosis typically develops between the ages of 35 and 50, and it may affect 20-65% of women. The reason for the large range in prevalence is that many women who have adenomyosis are unaware of the condition, which resolves itself after menopause.

When it comes to what causes adenomyosis, we’re not exactly sure, but we do know that it affects black women more often than white women. One study found that black women are almost twice as likely to develop adenomyosis. As well, adenomyosis most often develops in women who’ve had at least one child already.

The symptoms of adenomyosis

As we mentioned, many women are unaware that they have adenomyosis, but this isn’t always the case. Depending upon the degree of the thickening and enlargement, you may experience:

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important that you come see for a full evaluation so that we can identify and treat the problem.

Treating adenomyosis

If we confirm that you have adenomyosis, your treatment largely depends upon the degree of your symptoms and how close you are to resolution of the problem as you reach menopause. 

With periods that aren't too painful, over-the-counter medications can usually relieve the discomfort.

If, however, your periods represent moderate quality-of-life issues, we may turn to hormone therapies to control your estrogen levels. Your endometrium thickens with each cycle in response to an increase in estrogen. To prevent this from happening, we can use oral contraception or a hormonal intrauterine device to better control your estrogen levels.

If menopause is years away and you’re struggling with severe symptoms, we may recommend a hysterectomy, which puts an end to your adenomyosis.

If you have more questions about adenomyosis, please don’t hesitate to contact one of our offices in McAllen or Edinburg, Texas. You can call or use online booking to set up an appointment.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Five Ways to Manage a High-Risk Pregnancy

You’ve been told that your pregnancy is considered high risk and, as you absorb the news, your mind begins to race. Here, we outline five steps you can take to manage your high-risk pregnancy.

Which STDs Cause Pelvic Pain?

There are many reasons why you may be experiencing pelvic pain, including an untreated sexually transmitted disease. This symptom is largely associated with two infections, in particular, which we review here.

The Benefits of Barrier Birth Control Methods

You’re not ready for a family, and you’re researching ways to avoid an unplanned pregnancy. To help with your decision, we’ve pulled together some of the benefits of a barrier approach to birth control.

How Is Uterine Prolapse Treated?

You’ve developed problems with incontinence or you’re experiencing discomfort in your pelvis. These are two possible results of uterine prolapse, and neither are side effects you want to live with. We can help.

Is Having a Baby After 40 Risky?

You’ve waited to have children, and now you’re wondering whether it’s still possible to safely do so after the age of 40. The answer is, of course, but there are some things you should consider for your health and your baby’s health.

Five Types of Urinary Incontinence in Women

When it comes to serious quality-of-life issues, urinary incontinence certainly holds a place on the list. Thankfully, there’s much we can do to solve the problem, but the first step is identifying the type of incontinence.